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Glossary

Glossary

What is Web Hosting?

Web hosting is leasing space and bandwidth though a web hosting service provider.  This allows users to publish their web pages, web logs (blogs), photos or anything else they wish to share with the world.

What is a Domain Name?

A domain name is a user-friendly name to identify where on the Internet a specific web site is located.  The friendly name “www.websitename.com” is actually translated into a set of numbers that the root DNS servers on the internet can understand.

What is Bandwidth?

Bandwidth is the amount of data transferred to and from your server.  This data is calculated whenever a webpage is served or requested by any Internet visitor.  Think of it as a pipe from your server to the world.

What is MySQL?

MySQL are the databases used on most Linux and other publicly shared servers.  The is also known as “the backend”.  Not all web pages require a database.  But, most e-commerce sites that have an inventory or run special scripts and blogs require at least one database.  If you plan to run several blogs, be sure to choose a provided that features at least 100 MySQL databases.  If you plan to host an e-commerce store, eventually MySQL may not be enough.   Plan for an upgrade to a fully-blown SQL Server later.

What is Shared Web Hosting?

Generally shared web hosting is when several sites and several users share the same server or a cluster of servers.  All sites may even share the same CPU, RAM and other resources.

What is a Virtual Dedicated Server or Virtual Web Hosting?

Typically, this is when all users have root access to their servers and have the “feel” of being on a server alone, but are actually sharing a server.  This is usually a bit more powerful than the shared environment mentioned immediately above and is also known as VPS – Virtual Private Server.

What is Dedicated Hosting Service?

dedicated hosting server user gets his or her own web server and actually maintains full control over all aspects of the server environment.  However, the user does not own the server, they are merely leasing it and need not worry about hardware failures.  If choosing this path, be sure you ask about automated backups!  Another option on dedicated hosting is Managed orUnmanaged dedicated hosting.  On the prior, the user is not responsible for security, on the latter security is on their plate to handle.

What is Co-Location Web Hosting Service?

Co-Location Web Hosting is quite similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the colocated server; the hosting company provides physical space that the server takes up and takes care of the server. This is the most powerful and expensive type of the web hosting service. In most cases, the colocation provider may provide little to no support directly for their client’s machine, providing only the electrical, Internet access, and storage facilities for the server. In most cases for colo, the client would have his own administrator visit the data center on site to do any hardware upgrades or changes.

What is Clustered Hosting Web Service?

Clustered Hosting Web Service allows more than one server to host the user’s web sites and data.  This is usually much more faster and servers more Internet visitors.  Also, this allows redundancy should one or even two or more of the servers fail.  The remaining servers will automatically take over the Internet visitor load.  This is the perfect hosting solution for enterprise clients needing high availability, high speed and quick access times.

Do I have to Change my Domain Name if I get a New Host?

No.  You can have your present domain name transferred to the new host.  The new host will have a set (usually two) of DNS servers for you to provide your old host.  Email the old host or open a HelpDesk ticket and ask them to “point” the domain name to the new DNS servers.  This change usually takes a few days, so Plan Ahead!